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CHALAZION

A chalazion is a small bump that appears on your eyelid because of a blocked oil gland. It can develop on the lower or upper eyelid, and it often disappears without treatment in about one month. However, you should see a doctor if you think you might have a chalazion, especially if it is large enough to block your vision. A chalazion is similar to a stye (an infection of the base of the eyelash), but is usually smaller and not painful.

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CATARACT

A cataract is an opacity or cloudiness in the lens of the eye. It starts as a partial opacity either at the centre or the side of the lens and develops into total opacity. This cloudiness develops inside the lens and restricts light from passing through the eye. When this occurs, night driving and distant vision is affected.

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GLAUCOMA

Glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness worldwide. It often occurs when the pressure within the eye (IOP) is high for prolonged periods. This results in painless and progressive damage to the optic disc/nerve resulting in permanent vision loss.

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DIABETIC EYE DISEASE

This is a disorder of the retina (a light-sensitive layer in the eye that enables you to see). The retina does this by converting light into electrical signals, which are then sent to the brain. Damage to the retinal blood vessels can cause blurry vision or even blindness.

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MACULA HOLE

This is a gap in the macula that causes a defect or dark spot in the central vision, resulting in distortion and a loss of central/reading vision. The only treatment for a macula hole is surgery.

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RETINAL DETACHMENT

A retinal detachment is a serious eye condition in which the retina separates from the inner lining within the eye, often associated with holes or tears. It is a problem that occurs most frequently in the middle aged and elderly people and can lead to rapid and permanent blindness if not treated quickly.

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AGE RELATED MACULA DEGENERATION

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a cause of visual impairment in the elderly.

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VISION To be the leading eye care provider in Africa.